Pastoring with Certainty in Uncertain Times

There are many truths we can know with certainty. Postmodernity might tell us truth is relative but we know there are truths of which we can be certain.


There are many truths we can know with certainty.

Luke gave his account of Christ’s life to Theophilus “that you may have certainty concerning the things you have been taught” (Lk. 1:4). The apostle John wrote his letter “that you may know that you have eternal life” (1 Jn. 5:13; also, Rom. 8:38-39). Postmodernity might tell us truth is relative, but we know there are absolute truths we can be certain of—truths we must guard (1 Tim. 6:20) and be willing to suffer for (2 Tim. 1:12–14). Praise God for truth to stand on that’certain, reliable, and trustworthy.

Yet in our appreciation for truth and certainty, it’s important to recognize God-given uncertainties.

The author of Ecclesiastes tell us that our pursuit of answers to many questions will end in “vanity” or “futility,” like a vapor, breath, or puff of smoke (see esp. Eccl. 3:14). At the grand or meta level, God has kept some things secret (Deut. 29:29). At a more prosaic, everyday level, life confronts us with dilemmas that require nothing less than the wisdom of Solomon to resolve. Which mother would you have given the baby to (see 1 Kings 3)?


Among the list of uncertain matters are so many of the political questions we face:  Who’s right on mask-wearing, reopening plans, or the vaccine? When will life be back to “normal”? What are the ongoing effects of slavery and Jim Crow? Whom do I vote for? Is there government overreach? Was that a political stunt or a legitimate issue? We live in a time with much uncertainty.

Yet the uncertainty surrounding such questions doesn’t keep people from feeling certain about their convictions. Right now, the world is divided and dividing into smaller tribes. Each group lobs verbal grenades at each other. The divisions are accelerated by a 24-hour news cycle, social media, and being cooped up in quarantine. Rather than tread the waters of uncertainty, people look for something certain to stand on.

How do we pastor a congregation with conflicting sets of political certainties? How do we maintain the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace” (Eph. 4:3) without compromising what’s true?


This is where we need to be careful. On the one hand, some will go beyond what God has made clear and certain. They’ll claim certainty regarding a specific application of God’s Word as the only way of faithfulness. They baptize their assessments of what’s going on in the world. Really, they’re saying they cannot be wrong. And members and leaders who do this will prove attractive to others. Again, who doesn’t want certainty? The trouble is, they often prove to be quarrelsome, further entrenching sides in their positions.

On the other hand, we must not fail in our duty to preach the whole counsel of God and to help people understand what it means for their lives. To be sure, there are some political certainties. Discrimination is certainly wrong. Abortion is certainly wrong. And so forth.

Pastors and church leaders have to make decisions based on the information they have. But there’s a difference between proud certainty and humble confidence. It’s the knowledge that puffs up that leads to problems (1 Cor. 8:1). What if the thing we’re looking for certainty in is something God has hidden? What if he intentionally left it as a disputable matter?

We should seek to understand what’s going on in the world. We should scour the Scriptures for wisdom on every decision we make. In disputable matters, Paul instructs, “Each one should be fully convinced in his own mind” (Rom. 14:5b). But being “convinced in your own mind” does not give us permission to  “despise” or “pass judgement” on those who disagree with us in those things (Rom. 14:3–4).

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Zach Schlegel is the senior pastor of First Baptist Church Upper Marlboro in Upper Marlboro, Maryland.